The distinction between active and passive euthanasia is thought to be crucial for medical ethics. The idea is that it is James Rachels. James Rachels. The late philosopher James Rachels published one of the most salient pieces on the euthanasia (E) debate in the New England Journal. The moral distinction between active and passive euthanasia, or between “killing ” and The philosopher James Rachels has an argument that shows that the.

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Fiona Woollard – – Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 3: If the child had not been born with the defect, however, it would have been allowed to live.

If the patient is going to die euthanawia way, why is it morally permissible to dehydrate them to death? Causing their death swiftly is a lesser evil than allowing them to live in pain. First argument against the conventional doctrine is that many cases of “letting die” are WORSE for the patient than is killing them.

There are voluntary, nonvoluntary, and involuntary versions of each of passive and active euthanasia. In situations for which jajes euthanasia is permissible under this justification, there are no morally sound reason for prohibiting active anx, and in some cases, active euthanasia is morally preferable to passive euthanasia.

One well-known ethical principle says that we should only be guided by moral principles that we would accept should be followed by everyone. Rickless – – Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 1: In certain situations, passive euthanasia “letting die” is morally permissible. Here’s a case to consider: The doctor stops giving A the drugs that are keeping him alive, but continues pain killers – A dies 3 days later, after having been in pain racheks the doctor’s best efforts.


James Rachels, Active and passive euthanasia – PhilPapers

They think it allows them to provide a patient with the death they want without having to deal with the difficult moral problems they would face if they deliberately killed that person. Either way, the patient is dead. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able actove do so.

James Rachels, ‘Active and Passive Euthanasia’.

Religion and Ethics home Religions. Active euthanasia is sometimes more humane than passive euthanasia. A is in great pain, despite high doses of painkilling drugs. Some mostly philosophers go even further and say that active euthanasia is morally better because it can be quicker and cleaner, and it may be less painful for the patient.

If we accept that active euthanasia is wrong, then we accept as a universal rule that people should be permitted to suffer severe pain before death if that is the consequence of their disease.

James Rachels’ “Active and Passive Euthanasia”

Simon Blackburn, Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Notice that Rachels does not defend active euthanasia killingbecause he never defends the morality of passive euthanasia. Return to Theodore Gracyk’s Home Page. It says that there is a moral duthanasia between carrying out an action, and merely omitting to carry out an action.


But if not treated, affected children will die.

If you believe that euthanasia is always wrong, then this section is not worth reading. Added to PP index Total downloads 16, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 30 14, of 2, How can I increase my downloads?

Active and passive euthanasia

The philosopher James Rachels has an argument that shows that the distinction between acts and omissions is not as helpful as it looks. The defects are often quite easy to correct.

The doctrine that it makes an ethical difference whether an agent actively intervenes to bring about a result, or omits to act in circumstances in which it is foreseen that as a result of the omission the same result occurs. If This Is My Body …: Our goal is to prevent further unnecessary suffering.

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